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Georgia_energy وضعیت انرژی در گرجستان

Energy situation in Georgia

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Energy situation in Georgia

Georgia's oil and gas reserves are very small, and according to international statistics, oil production in the country is 4,000 tons per day (ranked No. 5 in the world), which is sent to the Republic of Azerbaijan for refining.

Georgia now receives natural gas from the SOCAR Republic (2.1 billion cubic meters) and Gazprom Russia (0.3 billion cubic meters). Russian gas is received as a right of transit of gas to Armenia. Gazprom was the main supplier of Georgian gas until 2007. Georgia has also offered Gazprom to sell natural gas to Georgian buyers at a reasonable price. Georgian officials have also put gas on the Islamic Republic of Iran on their agenda. The Ministry of Energy of Georgia claims that the Republic of Azerbaijan is facing a decline in gas reserves and cannot be the only supplier to Georgia. But officials in the Republic of Azerbaijan reject the claim.
Infrastructure:

The Georgian Gas Network has been operating for 2 years. Georgia currently has 5 gas pipelines. The operation of the gas network is the responsibility of the Georgian Oil and Gas Company. The main responsibility of the company is to rebuild and repair the central gas pipeline, project and build gas and oil pipelines, create the necessary infrastructure and management, explore the oil and gas resources, extract, export gas and oil products through Georgian soil, export, import, Its storage, processing, marketing and sales.

Currently, the total length of the gas and oil pipelines under the supervision of the Georgian Oil and Gas Company is 5 km. The capacity of the Georgian gas system is 2 million cubic meters per day, which means 5 billion cubic meters per year. At present, the entire stock of the company is in the venture fund. The Ministry of Energy is responsible for managing the Georgian Oil and Gas Company.

One of the most important plans of the Georgian Ministry of Energy is to supply gas to all villages. Over the past two years, 6,000 subscribers have been connected to the central gas transmission system. Last year, the second phase of the construction of the Shah Deniz bed gas pipeline began. As part of the construction of the pipeline in Georgia, Tbilisi will receive $ 5 billion of investment, of which only $ 5 million will be allocated for local services and purchase of goods. This great project will create 2 job opportunities.

 

Resources available in the country:

Gas extraction in Georgia began in the second half of the 1970s in the oil-rich region of Samgori and Patardzevli. In the early 1980s, 300 million cubic meters of gas were extracted annually. In 1983, with the discovery of the rural gas field, free gas extraction began in the country. Natural gas is now being mined at Ninotsminda by Blake Oil and Gas Company and General Petroleum Georgia. Marxin Romanian company conducts exploration operations on the Black Sea coast.

The volume of gas extraction in Georgia is 16.5 million cubic meters annually. The total amount of gas extracted in the country so far has been 2.8 billion cubic meters.

 
Projects:

East and West pipeline

The Georgian Oil and Gas Organization plans to implement the East-West pipeline project to increase the country's gas pipeline capacity. The project will provide natural gas to remote areas of western Georgia.

 
Reconstruction plan of gas distribution stations in Iran

Implementation of the plan will begin in 2016 with the renovation of the Gardabani station.

 

Underground gas tank construction

Georgia is the only country in the region with no gas reservoir. The Georgian Oil and Gas Organization intends to build an underground gas reservoir in the Samgori gas field in order to supply the required natural gas. According to studies, the volume of the gas reservoir will be 250 million cubic meters, which is 15% of the country's annual consumption.

The gas tank justification plan is to be prepared by the end of 2015. The Georgian Oil and Gas Organization is currently seeking funding for the project.

In year 2 alone, the household consumer sector consumed 2 million cubic meters of gas. In the same year, 1.5 billion cubic meters of gas entered Georgia's distribution system, with 2% of that being in transit to Armenia. In the same year, the amount of gas extracted increased by 5 percent to 2 cubic meters, which covers 1.2 percent of Georgia's demand. The main gas supplier to Georgia is the Republic of Azerbaijan. In year 5, SOCAR of Azerbaijan has covered 5% of Georgian gas demand.

 Gas Distribution Companies:

Georgia Gas Socar 1%
     Tbilisi Gas Capacity - 1%
     Georgia's Socar Gas Distribution - 1%
     Company Gas Distribution - 0%
     Georgia International Energy Institute - 2%
     Other institutions -6%

Investments in gas transmission and distribution amounted to GEL 208 million during 2014.
Energy (electricity)

Georgia has a special position to generate electricity as there are 5 rivers in its territory, totaling 5 kilometers. Out of these rivers, about 5 rivers have the capacity to generate 2 MW annually.

In the past, electricity shortages were one of the major problems in Georgia as there were prolonged blackouts. Currently it supplies electricity to other countries in certain seasons in addition to large-scale electricity supply. The Georgian government is considering various plans to build small, medium and large power plants or has signed a contract with investors to implement it. Georgia intends to be the leading electricity exporters in the region.

Currently, there are approximately 5 large, medium and small hydropower plants and 4 thermal power plants in various parts of Georgia. It is worth noting that, depending on the specific situation of the country, they intend to use other sources of energy such as solar, wind, water vapor and various clean energy sources.

According to the Georgian Ministry of Energy, the capacity of the current 2230 MW transboundary transmission lines is currently at capacity. Plans to upgrade the transmission capacity of neighboring countries are under way at the ministry, which will reach 5770 MW by 2020.

Georgian Ministry of Energy experts have prepared a hydroelectric power plant project for implementation.

The stages of project delivery and power plant construction include:

1. Participate in the Stage of Interest

2. Complete the technical and economic feasibility analysis of the project

3. Acquire ownership of the project land

4. Get a manufacturing license

5. Start building the power plant

6. Completion of power plant construction

7. Power plant operation

At the construction stage, the investor is obliged to provide a construction guarantee, which is for projects up to a maximum of 1 MW $ 6,000 and over 1 MW $ 7,000 (or EUR equivalent). The construction guarantee must be issued by the Economic Cooperation and Development Organization or the Bank of Georgia.

Place of construction

Power (MW)

Annual production

Patty

50

110

Chorokhi

50

120

Koutsi

100

200

Meta-Sabotage One

150

450

Meta-Sabotage Two

600

2000

Gori-Caspian

200

500

Caravan

200

500

Samgori

50

130

Village

50

150

Total

1450

4160

 

wind energy

Georgia has high wind energy capacity, reaching up to 5 billion kWh annually. Research has identified several areas for this purpose.
 
Solar Energy Opportunities

Given the geographical location of Georgia, Georgia also has significant capacity in the solar energy sector. In most parts of Georgia, there is 1 to 2 days or 2 to 4 hours of solar radiation per year. The average daily radiation is 1.2 kWh. East Georgia has more sunlight. Solar power in Georgia allows you to receive hot water at -5 degrees Celsius. Solar power can be used in mountainous and impassable areas, low-lying villages, military bases, and so on.

Georgia State Electricity Company (GSE-Georgian state electrosystem) is the main electricity distributor that sends the generated electricity to three energy distribution companies. Private electricity distributor companies include: "Tascii" - Tbilisi City and its surroundings; "Kakhetis Energo Disturbiotia" - Kakheti Region (East Tbilisi); "Energo Peru Georgia" - other regions of Georgia.

In addition, the Georgian electricity grid operator (ESCO) is required to sign a contract for the purchase of electricity produced with the newly constructed power plant and the terms will be between the Georgian government, the Georgian electricity grid operator and the designated power plant side.

The Georgian market needs more than 10,000kWh. Year 2 electricity exports to Georgia amounted to 2 million kW. Georgia is connected to four of its neighbors through high-pressure power lines that have enabled the transmission of electricity.

      

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